Why are Geotechnologies important for Climate Change and Coastal Environmental Planning?
Climate change is becoming one of the most concerning threats to environment and human populations. Some of the consequences of climate change are related to seasons’ shifting, temperatures’ climbing and sea levels rising with the consequents changes in landscapes, risks to the wildlife, increased risk of drought, fire and floods, stronger storms and increased storm damage and larger economic losses.
Broadly affecting shorelines, the need to manage human activities and conflicts in the coastal zones to minimize impacts on the ecosystems and villages, spatial and temporal changes on climate demonstrate the need to analyze the system from a spatial and temporal perspective.
What used to be hidden or inaccessible via traditional methods are now made available through remote sensing, tracking technologies and global positioning systems. These geotechnologies with the ability to provide decision makers with spatial and temporal analyses on the coastal environments, human activities and the overlapping uses of shoreline spaces are essential to the development of a comprehensive Coastal Environmental Planning. Moreover these technologies enable the mapping and documentation of ecosystems, urban environments and climatic characteristics as well as their interrelations, contributing to increase the quality of predictive models and the consequent forecast of future climatic effects, natural extreme events and the comprehensive Coastal Environmental Planning.